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Flag of India or Indian Flag

The Flag of India was officially adopted on July 22, 1947, on the eve of the partision of the Indian sub-continent into India and Pakistan. The flag was based upon the design of the flag of the Indian National Congress. Flag of India is basically known as Tiranag. The Indian flag has three equal horizontal bars (saffron, white and green) with a blue Dharma Chakra (the wheel of law) in the center. The wheel has 24 spokes, representing the 24 hours in a day (at the end of each spoke is a dark blue half-moon). The significance of the colours and the chakra in the Flag of India was described by Dr. S. Radhakrishnan in the Constituent Assembly which unanimously adopted the National Flag. Dr. S. Radhakrishnan explained—“Bhagwa or the saffron colour denotes renunciation of disinterestedness. The white in the centre is light, the path of truth to guide our conduct. The green shows our relation to soil, our relation to the plant life here on which all other life depends. The Ashoka Wheel in the center of the white is the wheel of the law of dharma. Truth or satya, dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principles of those who work under this flag. Again, the wheel denotes motion. There is death in stagnation. There is life in movement. India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change.” The height of the flag of India is two-thirds the width.



Size of Indian Flag

  • A very high flag mast: The largest flag in India is flown by the government of Maharashtra atop the Mantralaya building, the state administrative headquarters which is 21' x 14' (6300 x 4200 mm).
  • Red Fort, Delhi, Rashtrapati Bhawan, Gun carriage: 12' x 8' (3600 x 2400 mm).
  • Parliament House & other medium sized public buildings: 9' x 6' (2700 x 1800 mm).
  • For Small sized public buildings and during State and military funerals: 6' x 4' (1800 x 1200 mm).
  • For Smaller sized public building: 5.5' x 3' (1350 x 900 mm).
  • In rooms on cross bars & walls: 3' x 2' (900 x 600 mm).
  • For aircrafts on VVIP flights cars: 18'' x 12'' (450 x 300 mm).
  • For motor cars: 9'' x 6'' (225 x 150 mm).
  • For tables: 6'' x 4'' (150 x 100 mm).

Use of Indian Flag

The display of the flag of India is unrestricted throughout the country on the following occasions.

Occasions on which flag of India to be flown

  • Republic Day - during the period from the commencement to the close of the celebrations, until Beating of Retreat ceremony on January 29 at Vijay Chowk, Delhi.
  • National week - April 6 to April 13 - in memory of the martyrs of Jallianwala Bagh.
  • Independence Day : August 15.
  • Mahatma Gandhi's birthday on October 2.
  • Any other particular day of national rejoicing as may be specified by the Government of India.

Occasions on which flags of India at half-mast

In the event of the death of the following dignitaries, the National Flag shall be half-masted at the places indicated against each on the day of the death of the dignitary:
  • President, Vice-President, Prime Minister [Throughtout whole India]
  • Speaker of the Lok Sabha, Chief Justice of India [Only in Delhi]
  • Union Cabinet Minister [Delhi and State Capital]
  • Minister of State or Deputy Minister of the Union [Delhi]
  • Governor, Lt. Governor, Chief Minister of a State, Chief Minister of a Union territory [Throughtout the State Union territory concerned]
  • Cabinet Minister in a State [Capital of the State concerned]

Flag to be displayed on buildings and residences

The Indian Flag shall be displayed over the buildings and official residences of the followings:
  • Normally the National Flag should be flown only on important public buildings such as High Courts, Secretariats, Commissioners’ Offices, Collectorates, Jails and offices of the District Boards, Municipalities and Zilla Parishads and Departmental/Public Sector Undertakings.
  • In frontier areas, the National Flag may be flown on the border customs posts, check posts, out posts and at other special places where flying of the Flag has special significance. In addition, it may be flown on the camp sites of border patrols.
  • The National Flag should be flown on the official residences of the President, Vice-President, Governors and Lieutenant Governors when they are at Headquarters and on the building in which they stay during their visits to places outside the Headquarters. The Flag flown on the official residence should, however, be brought down as soon as the dignitary leaves the Headquarters and it should be re-hoisted on that building as he enters the main gate of the building on return to the Headquarters. When the dignitary is on a visit to a place outside the Headquarters, the Flag should be hoisted on the building in which he stays as he enters the main gate of that building and it should be brought down as soon as he leaves that place. However, the Flag should be flown from sun-rise to sun-set on such official residences, irrespective of whether the dignitary is at Headquarters or not on the - Republic Day, Independence Day, Mahatama Gandhi’s Birthday, National Week (6th to 13th April, in the memory of m artyrs of Jalianwala Bagh), any other particular day of national rejoicing as may be specified by the Government of India or, in the case of a State, on the anniversary of formation of that State.
  • When the President, the Vice-President or the Prime Minister visits an institution, the National Flag may be flown by the institution as a mark of respect.
  • On the occasions of the visit to India by foreign dignitaries, namely, President, Vice-President, Emperor / King or Heir Prince and the Prime Minister, the National Flag may be flown along with the Flag of the foreign country concerned in accordance with the rules contained in Section VII by such private institutions as are according reception to the visiting foreign dignitaries and on such public buildings as the foreign dignitaries intend to visit on the day of visit to the institution.
  • The National Flag may also be flown on the Headquarters and the residences of the Heads of Missions/Posts abroad in the countries where it is customary for diplomatic and consular representatives to fly their National Flags on the Headquarters and their official residences

Flag to be flown on motorcars

The following persons shall be entitled to fly the flag of India on their motor cars, vessels and aeroplanes, when the dignitaries themselves are seated:
  • The President
  • The Vice-President.
  • Governors and Lieutenant Governors
  • Heads of Indian Missions/Posts abroad in the countries to which they are accredited
  • Prime Minister and other Cabinet Ministers, Ministers of State and Deputy Ministers of the Union, Chief Minister and other Cabinet Ministers of a State or Union Territory, Ministers of State and Deputy Ministers of a State or Union Territory
  • Speaker of the Lok Sabha, Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha, Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha, Chairmen of Legislative Councils in States, Speakers of Legislative Assemblies in States and Union territories, Deputy Chairmen of Legislative Councils in States, Deputy Speakers of Legislative Assemblies in States and Union territories
  • Judges of Supreme Court, Chief Justice of High Courts, Judges of High Courts
  • When a foreign dignitary travels in a car provided by Government, the National Flag will be flown on the right side of the car and the Flag of the foreign countries will be flown on the left side of the car.

Flag to be displayed on aircrafts and trains

The Indian flag shall be displayed on:
  • When the President travels by special train within the country, the National Flag should be flown from the driver’s cab on the side facing the platform of the station from where the train departs. The Flag should be flown only when the special train is stationary or when coming into the station where it is going to halt.
  • The National Flag will be flown on the aircraft carrying the President, the Vice-President or the Prime Minister on a visit to a foreign country. Alongside the National Flag, the Flag of the country visited should also be flown but, when the aircraft lands in countries enroute, the National Flags of the countries touched would be flown instead, as a gesture of courtesy and goodwill.
  • When the President goes on tour within India, the National Flag will be displayed on the side by which the President will embark the aircraft or disembark from it.

 
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